The E/O and O/E measurement utilities will be discussed in this application note. This utility is essentially an advanced de-embedding tool allowing one to remove the effects of one optical conversion device to learn the properties of the other. There are a large number of configuration choices, particularly in the four port cases, but the measurement principle is the same: use a good VNA calibration to characterize the converting pair and then de-embed the effects of a calibrated/characterized device to analyze the DUT. Signal-to-noise ratio is often a limiting uncertainty factor so it is important to carefully choose drive levels (as high as possible without being nonlinear), IF bandwidth, and averaging in order to optimize the measurements.
As more people become accustomed to technology, the demand for data throughput has increased exponentially ...
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The rollout of 70 GHz–80 GHz 5G systems and the subsequent need for more E-band devices (like radar antennas) has placed greater importance on using VNAs
Manual testing is commonly used to confirm device under test (DUT) functionality, but in terms of scope it is impossible to use this test method to verify all permutations of RF parametric measurement
Automobile equipment is using cellular communications for remote diagnostic monitoring of vehicle subsystems condition, Infotainment systems, and smartphone applications
V2X communications utilize RF (Radio Frequency) technology
Today, vehicles include various complex subsystems that are controlled through a Telematic Control Unit (TCU)
Pre-testing eCall at the TCU module vendor and at the automaker reduces costly delays of failure in the certification testing
Using the New Radio Non-Standalone Architecture (NR NSA) mode, a wider bandwidth can be implemented by aggregating both the LTE and NR carrier waves.
All the wireless standards, including mobile, short-range wireless, and navigation, help to keep the driver connected everywhere
In testing the cellular capability of a Telematic Control Unit (TCU), it is important to test abnormal situations that may happen in the cellular network.
New Radio (NR) with its flexible architecture and capability to provide higher order throughputs with reduced latency enables the vehicles of future to deliver these services.
Delta-L is an algorithm developed by Intel for PCB manufacturers for verifying PCB design. Vector Network Analyzer serves an important requirement for all PCB manufacturers in order to be compliant
This application note shows how to extract 2x-thru to 1x-thru using the equation editor feature in offline mode since 2x-thru is the most popular network extraction method for splitting into two (2) 1
This paper provides a step-by-step guide to perform calibration and measurement to show a “pass” or “fail” result of the device under test.
The rollout of 70 GHz–80 GHz 5G systems and the subsequent need for more E-band devices (like radar sensors) has placed greater importance on using vector network analyzers (VNAs) and their advantages
Using a HIL platform from dSPACE, together with the Anritsu MT8000A base station emulator, it is possible to reduce the risk and lower the cost of ADAS Function Test.
C-V2X enables vehicles to communicate with the world around them to increase safety and make self-driving a realistic possibility.
Tire Pressure Monitor Sensors (TPMS) continuously ensure tires are inflated correctly to maintain safety and maximize fuel efficiency while operating vehicles
PCIe has been seen as the preferred connectivity protocol since it provides high bandwidth, high scalability and low latency data transfer capabilities to meet the needs for increased storage of autom